This article is part of a series of articles focusing on the elements a next generation budget defense system must include to overcome the challenges of our current system.
The Department of Defense (DoD) budgeting system, designed for predictability, has grown rigid over time. In a rapidly changing threat environment, multiple layers of bureaucratic oversight, manual processes, and a lack of transparency prevent the military from efficiently resourcing emergent needs during the year of execution or effectively integrating in-year changes to the Future Year Defense Program (FYDP).
Historically, the reprogramming of funds serves as an example of how rigidity in favor of predictability can impede readiness. The process requires several layers of congressional approval and review, and can in some instances take months to complete.
A next-generation budget defense system should strike a balance between providing Congress with oversight and allowing for greater flexibility in response to changing events. Enhancing accountability through investment in tools and technology can help streamline the reprogramming process and improve transparency.
In acknowledgment of this issue, the FY21 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) called for modernizing budget justification documents to promote a more efficient exchange of information between the Department and congressional defense committees. This enhanced communication would strengthen Congress's oversight of the DoD budget.
Meeting this requirement involves implementing a solution that fosters continuous dialogue and builds mutual trust through transparency. A next-generation defense system should ensure that decisions are understandable, auditable, and well-considered.
A critical aspect of establishing transparency and overcoming rigidity lies in considering the human element in defense budgeting. Delegating acquisition authority to responsible, lower-ranking frontline workers is essential. These individuals possess the expertise needed to make quick, data-driven decisions based on ground truth. However, this can only happen if they can justify their decisions with data and are held accountable for any failures.
The DoD has an opportunity to leverage advancements in big data and analytics, enabling the government to identify and reduce waste while systematically improving investments. For example, the Rapid Fielding Office finds success in rapidly acquiring and deploying advanced technology to the warfighter, which demonstrates the potential benefits of delegating authority and using data-driven decision-making. By employing agile acquisition methods and harnessing the power of data analytics, the office has been able to deliver urgently needed capabilities to the warfighter more efficiently.
Conclusion: The Way Forward
In conclusion, transparency and accountability are crucial guiding principles for a next-generation budget defense system. These principles will allow the DoD to overcome the rigidity of the current system and respond more effectively to dynamic threat environments.
By investing in tools and technology that promote transparency and accountability, the DoD can establish a more efficient reprogramming process, improve communication with Congress, and better delegate decision-making authority to frontline workers. Ultimately, this will lead to a more agile and responsive military, capable of protecting the United States and its interests in an increasingly complex and unpredictable world.